WHAT'S IN THE CAMPAIGN FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE FOR SOUTHERN
FAMILY FARMERS? based on an article by Elizabeth Henderson
The policy proposals of the Campaign for Sustainable
Agriculture will help many Southern family farmers who are trying
to farm more sustainably. Below are some examples of how. 1.
Many Southern farmers are striving to increase the amount of
agriculturally related dollars kept in their communities by
producing value-added products or creating farmer-controlled
marketing strategies. The Campaign's Sustainable Rural
Development and Marketing proposal redirects current USDA rural
development programs to support alternative marketing, producer
controlled coops, and locally-based small scale processing; and
directs USDA to remove regulatory barriers to such programs. 2.
The proposal for a Stewardship Payment Program, or "green
payments" would reward family farmers for implementing whole farm
resource protection plans, including practices such as crop
rotations, soil conservation, water quality improvement, and
wildlife habitat enhancement; and would provide technical
assistance for their development. Green payments would also, in
effect, support organic certification since every organic farm
will have to develop and implement a whole farm plan under the
Organic Foods Production Act. 3. The Campaign's proposal to
modestly raise the commodity loan rate would increase family farm
income for growers of cotton, sugarcane, small grains, rice, and
peanuts; and enhance price stability for most of these crops. 4.
The Campaign supports Minority Farmers' Rights by directing the
USDA to give minority and limited resource farmers equal access to
all USDA programs and committees. It also creates the first step
to restoring the minority land base by developing a national
minority farm land registry as a basic assessment tool to evaluate
minority participation. 5. The proposal for enacting an
Agricultural Bargaining Act for Farmers and Farmworkers would
allow farmers who produce on contract, like many poultry and hog
producers, the right to form cooperative associations and bargain
collectively with integrators. 6. The Campaign proposes a new
supply management dairy program--the Dairy Nutrition and
Conservation Act--which would control production, encourage
sustainable agricultural practices, and create a reasonable return
on investment to dairy farmers. 7. The Pest Management and
Education proposal would give farmers support for reducing
pesticide usage by requiring USDA to provide research, education,
and training in alternatives to conventional pesticides, and
revising USDA programs to remove incentives for pesticide use. 8.
The Campaign proposes to help farmers assess water quality
problems and take remedial action on their farms by expanding
technical assistance and agency coordination for designing water
quality plans, and providing increased financial incentives to
implement these plans. 9. By requiring the USDA to take the lead
in creating a framework for a Strategic Farmland Reserve, the
Campaign proposes to help protect farmland that is of unique value
for food production or provides critical environmental benefits.
The Campaign also proposes directing FmHA to utilize its loan
programs to assist new, young and minority farmers to acquire
farmland in urban-edge areas. 10. Proposed reform of the
Integrated Farm Management Program would remove penalties on crop
rotations in commodity programs. 11. The Campaign supports the
labeling of all dairy products made from milk produced by cows
receiving the synthetic hormone rBGH, allowing small family
dairies to fill a niche market for consumers who desire a non-rBGH
4TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE GETS RAVE REVIEWS
"Positive" summarily describes the 4th Annual Conference and
Trade Show of the Southern Sustainable Agriculture Working Group
(SAWG) held January 13-15, 1995 in Gulf Shores, AL. Approximately
300 people from 16 states and Puerto Rico attended. Comments from
the participants reflect the significance and enthusiasm that
colored the weekend.
"I found the workshop on minority farmers' and farmworkers'
rights to be enlightening in that it allowed farmers to explain
the problems they have been experiencing and how they are dealing
with them," Ali ShamsidDeen of the Mississippi Association of
Cooperatives remarked. "The exhibits at the Trade Show also were
very impressive, and I was quite intrigued by the woman spinning
Jeana Myers of Partners in Agriculture, in NC, said, "I
particularly valued the workshops led by farmers; farmers shared
their practical expertise on ways to build soil fertility
organically, and how to manage pests and diseases with biological
controls. On Sunday morning, I went on the farm tour and saw
people making a viable living using alternative systems."
Renee Price, who hosted the 1st Annual Food Tasting as part
of the conference, noticed that "people were having fun while
becoming familiar with the variety of interesting and exotic foods
that can be produced and marketed using sustainable methods." She
felt, as in previous years, the Southern SAWG Annual Conference
was a complete success.
The 1996 Southern SAWG Annual Conference will be held at the
Radisson Plaza Hotel in Lexington, KY on January 19-21, 1996. For
information, contact Keith Richards, PO Box 324, Elkins, AR 72727,
501-292-3714 or e-mail to: HN3551@handsnet.org.
NC FAMILY GIVES BIRTH TO A NEIGHBORHOOD OF ORGANIC FARMERS by Lynn
In the seven years since Kenny Haines started farming on just
10 acres, he has grown to be one of the biggest organic vegetable
producers in North Carolina. With 130 acres, a greenhouse
covering two-thirds of an acre, and the fields of three neighbors
who have joined him in organic farming, his company, Misty Morning
Farms, Inc., is now marketing more than 200 acres of certified
organic vegetables and soybeans.
Such a rapid expansion might seem staggering to many small
growers, but it came naturally to Kenny. Before striking out on
his own, he worked for 15 years as a farm manager for three of the
largest vegetable growers on the East Coast.
By the mid-1980's, though, Kenny was having serious qualms
about conventional farming, and had been moving his operations as
much as possible toward Integrated Pest Management. His wife
Wanda, who is a registered nurse, was increasingly worried about
the family's exposure to agricultural chemicals. Kenny recalls
how he would spend the day applying a yellow pre-emergent
herbicide, come home and shower, then find the yellow stuff
seeping from his pores onto the bed sheets at night.
So in 1987, when he was laid off, Kenny and Wanda decided to
start their own farm and to do it organically. "It's a lot like
religion," Kenny says. "You can go to church on Sunday and just
sit in the pew, or you can live your beliefs all week long."
They set to work on a rented 10-acre site next to the land
where they had built a comfortable log home with their own labor.
They erected a small hoophouse, and bought a 14-horsepower
tractor. At first, Kenny sold to the farm stands on the road
leading to the beach towns of the Outer Banks. But he was quickly
disenchanted with that outlet because of fierce price undercutting
among local growers. An Accident Brings Community Support
In 1990, he decided he needed to go to Raleigh, 125 miles to
the west. In June he started making the trip twice a week to sell
to grocery stores. On August 1, at 8 a.m., he and his 14-year-old
son were taking a load of produce to the city when a car came
across the center line as they were crossing a bridge. They were
hit head-on. "I could see it coming, I knew what was going to
happen, and there was nothing I could do about it," Kenny says.
Kenny's back was broken. His son suffered serious internal
injuries. After seven hours of surgery, the doctor emerged to
tell Wanda that if the boy survived the next 48 hours, he would
still have only a 50-50 chance of living. Wanda didn't get home
for 20 days as she traveled between the two hospitals where her
husband and son struggled for their lives. Back at the farm,
there was an outpouring of support from their community. "I had a
field full of peppers, tomatoes, squash, cucumbers, and eggplant,"
Kenny says. "The accident happened on a Wednesday and by Sunday
there were 100 folks out there helping. People would come out at
night after they had worked all day, for two or three months.
There were a lot of folks I didn't even know--they stopped here,
helped us and didn't ask for anything, and then were gone." The
community's reaction was a testimonial to the respect the Haines
family had earned in their short time in Belvidere. They attend
church, are 4-H leaders and have been active in their three
children's lives. Kenny says modestly, "I think there's just a
lot of good people here. We wouldn't have made it without them."
Kenny and his son both recovered, although their injuries
will probably restrict their physical activity somewhat for the
rest of their lives.
Kenny was not at fault in the accident, but the suddenness
and severity of the accident made him realize how vulnerable a
farm family is if an accident while working opens them up to a
lawsuit. So to protect his family's assets, he decided to form a
partnership with a neighbor, Garlan Scott, and incorporate the
farming business as Misty Morning Farms.
One of the neighbors who helped after the accident was
Richard Parker, a conventional grain farmer. He expressed
interest in growing vegetables and Kenny told him that if he would
grow organically, Misty Morning Farms would market his produce.
"I always loved growing vegetables because I grew vegetables
with my father," Richard says. "My son wants to farm, and I
decided that instead of spending more money on farm equipment and
land, we would go into intensive management. That will give him a
chance to get started in farming."
Richard's son, Joe, has already gotten his start at age 15.
Last year he grew 15 acres of squash for Misty Morning Farms.
Two other farmers are also growing on smaller acreages for
Misty Morning Farms. Although the company is not a
cooperative--it's owned by the Haines and Scott families--the four
farmers involved do plan their crops and some purchases together.
Misty Morning Farms does all the cleaning, grading, packing and
marketing, and keeps one-third of whatever it sells. A Strong
Misty Morning Farms is doing a good job of selling produce
these days. Kenny, who estimates that he spends at least two days
a week on the phone marketing, sold three times as much in 1994 as
the year before. Everything is sold to organic wholesalers who
pick up at Misty Morning Farm's packing shed and distribute up and
down the East Coast.
"We could double our acreage and still not meet the demand,"
Kenny says. That's not to say that wholesaling has been easy
money. Kenny says that his family had to rely on Wanda's salary
as a nurse the first five years while all profits were plowed back
into the business. Richard expected to make his first profit last
year, his fourth in the organic business.
Part of the problem, both farmers say, is that they have
found little information about organic growing in their area, so
they have learned by trial-and-error. Consequently, they have had
several crop failures and lower-than-expected yields as they have
experimented with varieties and scheduling.
In addition, input costs are considerably higher for organic
production, Kenny says. For example, he uses feather meal as a
nitrogen fertilizer source, which costs $270 a ton. An equivalent
amount of chemical nitrogen fertilizer would cost $120.
Equipment costs for this scale are high, too. Kenny has an
assortment of planting and harvesting equipment, including three
Lannen transplanters from Finland, a tiller bed shaper that makes
three 72-inch beds in one pass, a sweet corn picker, and a bean
picker. He also has several pieces of equipment for grading and
packing tomatoes, potatoes, and green beans. The packing shed,
which is located on the highway about five miles from his farm, is
rented from his partner, Garlan Scott. Behind the packing shed is
a cooler, and the business also owns a refrigerated truck.
Labor is another big expenses. Kenny employs 15 to 20 people
throughout the season, including about four year-round. Most of
his workers are high school and college students. Kenny says he
has had excellent luck with his young employees and adds, "I hate
to say it, but the girls are about two times the workers the boys
With production costs so high, Kenny says he has to aim for
an organic premium price on his produce. And when he can't get
it, he will often just plow the crop down rather than harvesting
and selling it for a lower price. Since August is peak time for
vegetables in North Carolina, Kenny aims for two marketing
seasons, April through July, then September through the end of the
year. Greenhouse Production
One of his first crops each year is greenhouse tomatoes,
which are planted in January for harvest beginning in April and
running through July, when field-grown tomatoes ripen in his area
and prices plummet.
Kenny and Garlan erected the first three 22-by-216-foot
gutter-connected greenhouses in 1991, then added three others the
next year. He has been growing tomatoes and cucumbers, but plans
to try a sugar snap pea or other crop to follow the tomatoes as a
hedge against disease. "I think if we grow tomatoes, tomatoes,
tomatoes, we're going to get a problem," he says.
As another preventative measure against disease, he sprays in
the greenhouse twice a week with food-grade (35 percent) hydrogen
peroxide, diluted to one percent. So far, he's had no problems.
The greenhouse is 12 feet tall, which helps dissipate some of
the heat that builds up, but he still has to run the 6-foot-tall
swamp coolers and fans much of the year. For the winter months,
the greenhouse is equipped with regular propane heaters, but it
also has three of the first waste-oil burners sold for
greenhouses. The waste oil, which burns extremely hot, costs
about one-third as much per BTU as propane.
Kenny says the biggest problem in the greenhouse has been
whiteflies, which have ruined two crops. He tried neem-based
pesticides with little luck, then began working with Encarsia
formosa, a parasitic wasp. He has one of his employees monitor
whitefly populations with yellow sticky cards; each Wednesday she
counts the number of insects on the traps. As soon as she finds
any whiteflies on a trap, Kenny starts to release 7,500 Encarsia
per week. When the total on the cards reaches 100, he doubles the
number. This year, he spent about $1,000 on Encarsia, but was
pleased with the level of control he obtained.
Kenny starts nearly all his own transplants, using a vacuum
seeder and Speedling trays, in the greenhouse for spring crops and
outside for fall crops. He has bought in transplants in the past,
but is trying to avoid it now because he sees it as an opening for
troubles. Finding the Right Size
Throughout his expansion, Kenny has given considerable
thought to the question of scale. Profits increase to a certain
size, then drop off when the farm expands because it requires more
farm equipment, more labor, etc... He acknowledges that growing
organic vegetables on his scale is expensive, and that his net
income may be no better than a market gardener with 10 acres. But
because he doesn't have a nearby market, he says he really has no
choice but to sell wholesale and to continue his expansion. "If
we were in Raleigh, we would make a living with 10 acres," Kenny
says. "The ideal situation would be a subscription service, but
you have to be in the right place for that to happen. You have to
have the right kind of people--educated people who want to know
where their food is coming from." Without that option, Kenny
plans to continue his expansion. He hopes to buy more land
himself and he's willing to sell for other farmers who convert to
organic practices. "We think we're doing the right thing and if
somebody else thinks we're doing the right thing and wants to try
it, we'll be more than happy to help," he says.
An earlier version of this article first appeared in Growing
For Market, PO Box 3747, Lawrence KS 66046, phone 913-841-2559.
Subscriptions: $26/year for 12 issues.
ACTION ON APPROPRIATIONS NEEDED TO SAVE SUSTAINABLE AG PROGRAMS by
Most federal sustainable agriculture programs are in jeopardy
during this next congressional appropriations cycle. Collective
grassroots action is essential to protect the gains of the past
Just because a bill is passed by Congress, doesn't mean the
programs involved are automatically enacted. Authorizations, like
the 1995 Farm Bill, set policy for programs and maximum levels of
funding. Appropriations, which happen every year, are where
Congress actually allocates the money for programs in a given
Sustainable agriculture programs have faired moderately well
in getting money appropriated. With a new Congress committed to
cutting the budget, though, the challenge will be greater than
ever in 1995 to sustain or increase funding for many valuable
Fortunately, we have a powerful asset--the many supporters of
sustainable agriculture around the country who can make a case for
these programs with their subcommittee members in key states and
districts. This first year of the new Congress is crucial. We
must do everything possible to demonstrate broad bi-partisan
support for sustainable agriculture in its many facets. Also, the
track record we establish of strong coalition-based work at the
grassroots level on appropriations gives credibility to the
negotiations in the months ahead on the Farm Bill. What Actions
First, write a letter or make a phone call to the key
subcommittee members if you live or work in their district or
state. This doesn't have to be an extensive letter, but it should
reflect your particular "citizen identity" of farmer, researcher,
consumer, farmworker, etc... Second, get some opinion editorials
or "op eds"--guest columns that are longer than a letter to the
editor--in papers around the country on the importance of
sustainable agriculture and, hence, of higher funding for these
programs. Third, help get others in key districts and states to
write or call also. Key Sustainable Agriculture Appropriations for
Fiscal Year 1996 (FY96) * Sustainable Agriculture Research and
Education (SARE): The Campaign for Sustainable Agriculture seeks
$20 million for this competitive grants program which funds
high-quality, farmer-involved research and education on economic,
agronomic, and environmental aspects of sustainable agriculture
farming systems. Authorized in the 1990 Farm Bill at $40 million,
this excellent program has been grossly under funded, with a high
of $8.1 million appropriated for FY95, which is less than one half
of one percent of USDA's research and extension budget. The
administration proposes $9.5 million for FY96. * Sustainable
Agriculture Technology Development and Transfer Program (SATDTP):
The Campaign requests $8 million for this program, also referred
to as "Chapter 3," which funds projects to train extension agents,
relevant SCS and ASCS staff, and other agricultural professionals
in sustainable agriculture concepts, research and practices. This
program, though authorized in the 1990 Farm Bill at $20 million,
was first funded in FY94, and then only at $3 million after a
political battle with holdovers from the Bush Administration. The
administration proposes $5 million for FY96. * Minority Farmer
Outreach: The Campaign seeks $5 million for the minority farmer
outreach program, which seeks to address the needs of minority
farmers across USDA's credit, commodity, conservation, and other
programs. It targets information toward minority farmers, with at
least 50 percent of the program money and effort being used by
community-based organizations that have actual experience in
working with minority farmers and understand their specific needs
for assistance. It was funded at $3 million in FY95; the Clinton
budget proposes another $3 million for FY96. * Agricultural
Conservation Program (ACP)/Water Quality Incentive Program (WQIP):
The WQIP is a voluntary cost-share program designed to help
farmers comply with state and federal environmental laws. It
offers technical and financial assistance in preventing surface
and groundwater pollution through reduced and better use of
fertilizers, pesticides and animal wastes; and other alternative
farming practices. It is currently administered and funded
through the ACP. ACP funding for FY95 is $100 million; the
Administration's budget request cuts ACP to $50 million, with $15
million of ACP monies to be designated for the WQIP. The Campaign
supports current higher ACP funding levels and requests $30
million be designated for the WQIP. * WIC Farmers' Market
Nutrition Program (FMNP): The Campaign seeks $8 million for WIC's
FMNP, which offers vouchers or coupons for participants in the
low-income Women, Infant and Children (WIC) program to purchase
fresh fruits and vegetables at local farmers' markets. This
program was authorized at $8 million for FY95 but only funded at
$6.8 million. The administration requests funding at the same
level for FY96. The Campaign endorses full funding in FY96 for
this innovative program with a proven track record of providing
high quality, locally grown vegetables to low-income citizens
while supporting small family farmers. The total WIC budget has
been increasing substantially for several years, with more
increases likely. Money for the FMNP can almost certainly be
found within the WIC budget. * National Organic Food Production
Act: The President's budget requests $1.06 million for FY96 to
implement and administer the organic certification program; and to
help defray the costs of accreditation to certification
organizations. It was funded at $500,000 in both FY94 and FY95.
The Campaign supports the administration's request. *
Agricultural Technology and Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA): The
Campaign supports $1.8 million for this national information
service, which answers practical questions from farmers and others
who call its toll-free telephone number about matters ranging from
sustainable agriculture methods to economic implications of
alternative practices. Its caseload averages 1,000 calls monthly.
ATTRA received $1.3 million in FY95, and that amount is requested
by Clinton for FY96. Its appropriation has been determined by
the appropriations subcommittee of the Interior, but will be
transferred back to USDA within the Rural Technology and
Cooperative Development Grants in FY96.
Julie Burns and Margaret Krome, both working with the
Campaign for Sustainable Agriculture, will coordinate contacts on
appropriations and let people know what actions are most helpful
at any given time. Margaret has also offered to help anyone draft
letters or op ed pieces. Julie Burns, 4 Lindsey Rd, Asheville, NC
28805, phone 704-299-1922 or fax 704-299-1575. Margaret Krome,
2524 Chamberlain, Madison, WI 53705, phone 608-238-1440 or fax
LOBBYING: CONVINCING POLITICIANS TO SUPPORT YOUR POSITIONS
There are 33 members of Congress from Southern states who
will be making major decisions about the fate of sustainable
agriculture in the 1995 Farm Bill. They need to be educated and
persuaded by their constituents (YOU) about the need for a change.
Paid lobbyists are not the only people who can lobby.
Concerned citizens can also practice the fine art of influencing
how their members of Congress vote. Following are some
suggestions for effective citizen lobbying.
Before You Meet With a Member of Congress
1. Do your homework. What do you know about the Congressperson?
How long has he/she been in office; what party affiliation? Is the
legislator on a committee that will be voting on your issue? Has
the legislator been supportive of sustainable agriculture in the
past? What is his/her record on environmental, farm or fiscal
2. Decide who will attend. People who live in the
congressperson's district - very important! People representing
different constituencies; for example, someone who belongs to an
environmental group, a farm group, a consumer group and a church
group. People who are directly affected by the issue(s) you are
discussing, who can explain them clearly, and provide real life
examples. Two to four people is a good number for most lobby
3. Plan it! Have a meeting beforehand to plan the lobby visit.
Decide your goals for the meeting. Are you asking the legislator
to sponsor a bill, commit to voting a certain way, or just
providing him/her with information? Agree on an agenda to follow
that can be accomplished in the amount of time you have for the
meeting. Agree on "roles" for each participant. You will need:
someone to chair the meeting and keep it on track, someone to take
notes, and more than one person prepared to explain the issue and
its importance. Prepare the arguments you would use in response
to an opposing position. Have a practice meeting, with one person
pretending to be the legislator and everyone else playing their
roles. This will help you think through possible questions the
legislator might ask, and identify any problems with the agenda or
time constraints. Decide what written materials you want to
leave with the legislator and who will prepare or bring them.
Prepare a one-page version of the information you want to convey
most. Make sure everyone knows how to get to the meeting location
and decide what time to arrive.
At the Meeting
1. The person who set up the appointment should open the meeting
by thanking the legislator (or aide) for the meeting, introduce
everyone, and quickly review the agenda order. Identify yourself
and the organization you represent. If you live in his/her
district, make sure you say so. Explain that you are
participating in the Campaign for Sustainable Agriculture.
2. If possible, open with a compliment thanking the legislator for
past support, statements, or anything positive you've found out.
3. Stick to your agenda. Each speaker should be concise and give
compelling examples to illustrate the importance of the bill. Be
prepared to convey your message in five minutes if necessary.
4. Don't assume the congressperson knows anything about your bill.
Lobbyists are the main sources of information and education about
bills. Congress reviews and votes on thousands of bills each
5. Know your facts and be scrupulously honest. If a question
arises, you can always say "I'll check on that and let you know."
If so, make sure you do.
6. Ask for a specific commitment. If you don't get a clear
answer, ask again. (You may want to assign one person just to this
7. Listen carefully to the arguments that he/she has heard from
the other side and answer with concise facts if possible. Avoid
8. Pay close attention to how your arguments are being received.
Don't raise more than a couple of issues unless the legislator is
really interested and receptive.
9. Try to get a clear commitment on where he/she stands on
specific bills or amendments.
10. End the meeting on time, and thank the congressperson. Give
written materials at this time.
After the Meeting
1. Have a brief group evaluation of the meeting. Did you stick to
the agenda, play the agreed-upon roles? Did you get any
commitments from the politician? What are they?
2. Compare your impressions of the legislator's responses and
reactions, and fill out the District Farm Bill Report (available
from the Campaign for Sustainable Ag). What went well? What
would you do differently next time?
3. Write down what the congress member said he or she would do,
and any arguments raised that others lobbying for sustainable
agriculture should be aware of for future lobbying meetings.
4. Identify the specific tasks that need to be done as follow-up:
a thank-you note (mentioning any commitments made), sending
information promised during the meeting, or reporting on the
meeting to the regional campaign coordinator. Decide who will do
5. Congratulate yourselves for conducting a well-planned,
professional lobby visit.
Adapted from materials from the Campaign for Sustainable
Agriculture, 32 N. Church St., Goshen, NY 10924, phone
914-294-0633 or fax 914-294-0632.
GRASSROOTS EFFORTS REALLY DO MAKE A DIFFERENCE
by Keith Richards
In the mid-1980's a growing number of farmers felt they were
being treated unfairly by the Farmers Home Administration (FmHA).
If their loans with the agency became delinquent for any reason,
FmHA had the power to call them in without discussing options and
without an independent appeals process. Individuals and
grassroots organizations around the country decided they wanted to
make a change, so they organized around the 1985 Food Security Act
(commonly called the 1985 Farm Bill). "It was a massive effort,"
recalls Benny Bunting, a North Carolina farmer and advisor for
Farm Plan Advocates. "Farmers came in from all over and
testified, and learned the rules [of shaping our laws]. That's
what it takes--testifying at subcommittee and committee hearings
at every stage of the process." "There were phone trees, too. [A
phone tree is a simple system for generating phone calls to
legislators before key votes.] Any time the bill went through
changes, they were activated," Bunting says. "And the media
played an important part by publicizing the crisis. A lot of hard
work went into this." Working from the 1985 Farm Bill through the
1987 Credit Act, their efforts finally paid off in the 1990 Farm
Bill. A policy--commonly referred to by its place in the bill,
1951-S--was put into law requiring the FmHA to give borrowers a
list of servicing options if their loans become 30 days delinquent
. This was coupled with an independent appeals process created in
the National Appeals System. Farmers are now informed of their
rights through due process and can appeal any adverse decision
from FmHA through an independent system. When asked if grassroots
organizing made a difference on this policy change, Bunting
replied, "It was successful because of the grassroots effort!"
Volunteers are setting up phone trees and coordinating visits
to the home offices of Southern legislators for the Campaign for
Sustainable Agriculture. To become involved in an issue, contact
your local Southern SAWG member organization or Julie Burns,
Southern Campaign Coordinator, 4 Lindsey Rd., Asheville, NC 28805,
SOUTHERN MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE AGRICULTURE COMMITTEE:
(Room numbers with 3 digits are in Cannon HOB, 4 digits beginning
with 1 are in the Longworth HOB, 4 digits beginning with 2 are in
Rayburn HOB. Phone prefix is 202-225-, the switchboard is
Terry Everett (R-AL, 2nd) 2901 208
Earl Hilliard (D-AL, 7th) 2665 1007
Jay Dickey (R-AR, 4th) 3772 230
Karen Thurman (D-FL, 5th) 1002 130
Charles Canady (R-FL, 12th) 1252 1222
Mark Foley (R-FL, 16th) 5792 506
Sanford Bishop (D-GA, 2nd) 3631 1632
Saxby Chambliss (R-GA, 8th) 6531 1708
Cynthia McKinney (D-GA, 11th) 1605 124
Ron Lewis (R-KY, 2nd) 3501 412
Scotty Baesler (D-KY, 6th) 4706 113
Richard Baker (R-LA, 6th) 3901 434
Bennie Thompson (D-MS, 2nd) 5876 1408
Eva Clayton (D-NC, 1st) 3101 222
Charlie Rose (D-NC, 7th) 2731 242
Frank Lucas (R-OK, 6th) 5565 107
Ed Bryant (R-TN, 7th) 2811 1516
Kika De La Garza (D-TX, 15th) 2531 1401
Charles Stenholm (D-TX, 17th) 6605 1211
Larry Combest (R-TX, 19th) 4005 1511
Bob Goodlatte (R-VA, 6th) 5431 123
SOUTHERN MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE AGRICULTURE APPROPRIATIONS
Ray Thornton (D-AR, 2nd) 2506 1214
Jay Dickey (R-AR, 4th) 3772 230
Jack Kingston (R-GA, 1st) 5831 1507
Bob Livingston (R-LA, 1st) 3015 2406
SOUTHERN MEMBERS OF THE SENATE AGRICULTURE COMMITTEE:
(Room numbers beginning with SD are in the Dirksen Bldg., SH are
in the Hart Bldg., and SR are in the Russell Bldg. Phone prefix
is 202-224-, the switchboard is 202-224-3121.)
Howell Heflin (D-AL) 4124 SH-728
David Pryor (D-AR) 2353 SR-267
Paul Coverdell (R-GA) 3643 SR-200
Mitch McConnell (R-KY) 2541 SR-120
Jesse Helms (R-NC) 6342 SD-403
John Warner (R-VA) 2023 SR-225
SOUTHERN MEMBERS OF THE SENATE AGRICULTURE APPROPRIATIONS
Dale Bumpers (D-AR) 4843 SD-229
Mitch McConnell (R-KY) 2541 SR-120
Bennett Johnston (D-LA) 5824 SH-136
Thad Cochran (R-MS), Chair 5054 SR-326
EXECUTIVE LEADERSHIP COMMITTEE NAMED FOR EXTENSION TRAINING
The following individuals have been selected to serve as the
first Executive Leadership Committee for the SARE sustainable
agriculture training program (often called Chapter 3) in the
Southern region: Samuel Bass, SC; Barry Colley, AR; Cynthia
Connolley, FL; Robert Jenkins, TN; Joe Judice, LA; Charles Miller,
KY; Oscar Muniz-Torres, PR; James Pease, VA; Jerry Pennick, GA;
Peggy Sechrist, TX; James Smith, NC.
These committee members will gather input from the diverse
circle of Southern sustainable agriculture interests, and develop
recommendations for the regional SARE/ACE Administrative Council
concerning the training of Extension and other agricultural
professionals in the South. The committee will also evaluate
results of SARE-sponsored training projects and the state
strategic plans for sustainable agriculture.
If you would like to be involved in the strategic planning
and training process for sustainable agriculture in your state,
contact your state extension coordinator:
AL--Ronald L. Shumack, 205-844-3214, Chinella Henderson,
205-851-5710, or Lincoln M. Moore, 205-727-8806.
AR--Tom L. Riley, Jr., 501-671-2001.
FL--Mickie Swisher, 904-392-1869 or Cass Gardner, 904-599-3546.
GA--William Segars, 706-542-9072 or Fred Harrison, Jr.,
KY--Curtis Absher, 606-257-1846.
LA--Jack L. Bagent, 504-388-5336 or Adell Brown, Jr.,
MS--Douglas W. Houston, 601-325-2311 or William B. Patton,
NC--J. Paul Mueller, 919-515-5825.
OK--Gerrit Cuperus, 405-744-5531.
PR--Luis R. Mejia-Maymi, 809-834-4590.
SC--Elwyn E. Deal, 803-656-3384, or Sam D. Bass, 803-479-6991.
TN--D. Ray Humbert, 615-974-7112 or Alvin Wade, 615-320-3650.
TX--John R. Beverly, 409-845-7980.
VA--Gerry M. Jones, 703-231-6704 or Mitchell Patterson, Jr.,
804-524-5960. or contact the Training Consortium: Roger
Crickenberger, North Carolina State Univ., 919-515-3252, Jim
Lukens, NCAT/ATTRA, 501-442-9824, John O'Sullivan, North Carolina
A&T Univ., 910-334-7956.
Classified Advertising Rates: 25 cents per word. Call
501-292-3714 for display ad rate.
Northeastern market looking for quality, organic Southern produce.
Call Countrywide Produce 412-765-1964.
WANTED: Working partner for organic production & marketing on
family farm (20 acres) in Northeast Oklahoma. Pretty, rural
setting with excellent highway access and markets. Open to
negotiation with serious and qualified individual or family. Send
introductory letter to Bob Holman, Star Route, Box 150, Kansas, OK
Southern Sustainable Farmint
March, 1995 - Issue Number 4
Published by the Community Farm Allicance, 200 Short St. #10,
Berea, KY 40403
Please send al editorial inquiries to:
P.O. Box 324
Elkins, AR 72727
Interim editor: Keith Richards
Editorial Board: Janet Bachmann,Jean Mills, Renee Price, Michael
Southern Sustainable Farming ins the voice of the Southern
Sustainable Agriculture Working Group, 50 member organizations
working for more sustainable agriculture in 13 southren states.
The Southern SAWG assists family farms and farm communities to
prosper in a healthy environment by helping remove technical,
institutional and economic barriers to sustainability.