From: Wayne Olson
Sent: Friday, March 31, 2000 3:06 PM
To: Service Desk
Subject: FW: New-at-ERS: Food Recovery & Consolidation in U.S.
Increasing Food Recovery From Farmers' Markets: A Preliminary Analysis.
Collecting unsold food discarded at farmers' markets has the potential to
allow nonprofit food recovery and gleaning organizations to distribute
significant quantities of wholesome, unsold fruits and vegetables to needy
families. Donations of this unsold produce by the participants at these
markets can generate tangible benefits: increased private food assistance
and better nutrition for lower income families. The Geographical Information
System (GIS) analysis presented in this study indicates that there is
potential to strengthen the links between farmers' markets and nonprofit
food recovery and gleaning organizations in many areas of the United States.
Consolidation in U.S. Meatpacking.
Meatpacking consolidated rapidly in the last two decades: slaughter plants
became much larger, and concentration increased as smaller firms left the
industry. We use establishment-based data from the U.S. Census Bureau to
describe consolidation and to identify the roles of scale economies and
technological change in driving consolidation. Through the 1970's, larger
plants paid higher wages, generating a pecuniary scale diseconomy that
largely offset the cost advantages that technological scale economies
offered large plants. The larger plants' wage premium disappeared in the
1980's, and technological change created larger and more extensive
technological scale economies. As a result, large plants realized growing
cost advantages over smaller plants, and production shifted to larger
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