Could you please explain what you mean with gmo fermentation technology?
I share the remarks made by dr. Clark on plants.
Bluestem Associates wrote:
> On Mon, 13 Mar 2000 10:03:08 -0600, E. Ann Clark wrote:
> >It is also important to recognize that the process - not just the projects - of
> >genetic engineering appears to engender inherent and unavoidable risks of gene
> >expression, owing specifically to a) the randomness of transgene packet
> >insertion in and among chromosomes, and b) the generation of unintended and
> >unpredictable gene:gene and gene:environment interactions.
> I would suggest (for purposes of discussion) that we ought to consider
> certain categories of GMOs acceptable, right from the start:
> a) all *intra*-species transfers
> b) all GMO fermentation technology
> c) probably ... intra-genus transfers
> My logic is that there is little risk from any of these categories, the
> chief benefits being relative speed of some transfers and the avoidance
> of undesired secondary characteristics.
> For example, there is probably some BB-sized tomato somewhere in Peru
> that carries Alternaria resistance. It would probably be many many
> generations before the size problem is overcome via conventional
> breeding, during which time the normal spray routine in Florida would
> remain 25-45 fungicide applications in a 26-week production cycle (one
> per week, routine, plus one after each rainfall of an inch or more). As
> organic fungicides are at least as bad as the conventional ones, such a
> GMO transfer offers substantial benefit.
> If anyone knows of risks associated with intra-species (or intra-genus)
> GMOs, please educate us. At least for now, I'm not convinced that GMOs
> in these situations are any worse than routine use of colchicene to
> trigger genetic mutations in conventional breeding.
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