Thank you to everyone who provided information on economic comparisons of
conventional and organic farming systems. Below is a selected listing of
references on this topic for anyone interested in learning more.
ECONOMIC COMPARISONS OF ORGANICALLY AND CONVENTIONALLY PRODUCED CROPS
Batie, S. 1989. Widespread adoption of non-conventional agriculture:
Profitability and impacts. Am. J. of Alt. Ag. Vol.4, Nos. 3&4: 128-134.
Berardi, G.M. 1978. Organic and Conventional Wheat Production:
Examination of Energy and Economics. Agro-Ecosystems, 4:367-376.
Cacek, T. 1986. The economic implications of organic farming. Am. J. of
Alt. Ag. Vol. 1, No. 1:25-29.
Center for Integrated Agricultural Systems. Oct. 1992. Organic Potatoes:
They can be grown, but can they be profitable? Research Update No. 4.
Chase, C. 1991. An economic comparison of conventional and
reduced-chemical farming systems in Iowa. Am. J. of Alt. Ag. Vol.6, No.4.
Dabbert, S. 1990. Organic viticulture in West Germany. Am. J. of Alt. Ag.
Vol. 5, No. 3:106-113.
Dabbert, S. 1986. The transition to organic agriculture: A multi-year
simulation model of a Pennsylvania farm. Am. J. of Alt. Ag. Vol. 1, No.
Franco, J. 1989. An analysis of the California market for organically
grown produce. Am. J. of Alt. Ag. Vol. 4, No. 1:22-27.
Klepper, R. 1977. Economic Performance and Energy Intensiveness on Organic
and Conventional Farms in the Corn Belt: A Preliminary Comparison. Am. J. of
Agr. Econ. Feb.:1-11.
Lockeretz, W. 1989. Comparative local economic benefits of conventional
and alternative cropping systems. Am. J. of Alt. Ag. Vol. 4, No. 2:75-83.
Mueller, D. 1985. Short- and long-term cost comparisons of conventional
and conservation tillage systems in corn production. J. of Soil and Water
Oelhaf, R. 1978. Organic Agriculture: Economics and Ecological Comparison
with Conventional Methods. Allanheld, Osmun and Co., Montclair, NJ.
Pimentel, D. 1993. Economics and Energetics of Organic and Conventional
Farming. J. of Ag. and Env. Ethics. vol. 6 (1):53-60.
Pimentel, D. 1989. Low-input sustainable agriculture using ecological
management practices. Ag., Eco. and Env., 27:3-24.
Rader, J. 1985. Efficacy and economics of codling moth control in organic
and conventional pome fruit production. Biol. Ag. and Hort. Vol. 2, No.
Stanhill, J. 1990. the comparative productivity of organic agriculture.
Ag. Eco. and Env. 30:1-26.