Here is a short bibliography on the general topic of crop nutritional
values as a function of organic management. This list was compiled by
Rebecca King, OFRF Office Manager. I'm not sure how these break down into
your three categories. Looking forward to what you can collect.
Anon. 1988. The value of organic food. The Living Earth. July-September.
Anon. 1992. Towards a new definition of food quality. NOFA-NY News.
January/February. p.3 &6.
Ausebel, Kenny. 1994. Seeds of Change: The Living Treasure.
HarperSanFrancisco, San Francisco,
Beddoe, A. F. 1992. Nourishment Home Grown. Agro-Bio Systems, Grass
Valley, CA 299p.
Clancy, Katherine L. 1986. The role of sustainable agriculture in
improving the safety and quality of
the food supply. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture. Winter. P.
Comis, Don. 1989. Nitrogen overload may shrivel vitamin content.
Agricultural Research. July.
Eggert, F. P. 1983. Effect of soil management practices on yield and
foliar nutrient concentration of
dry beans, carrots, and tomatoes. Pl. 247-259 In: Lockeretz, W. (ed.)
Agriculture. Praeger Scientific, NY.
Feenstra, Gail. 1992. Vitamin and mineral contents of carrot and celeriac
grown under mineral or
organic fertilization. Components. Vol. 3, No. 1 p. 9-10. Review of
Leclerc, J. et al. 1991.
Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, Vol. 7 p. 339-348.
Fischer, Ada, and C.H. Richter. 1986. Influence of organic and mineral
fertilizers on yield and
quality of potatoes. P. 236-248. In: The Importance of Biological
Agriculture in a World of
Diminishing Resources. Proceeding of the 5th IFOAM International Scientific
the University of Kassel (Germany).
Hood, Sam. 1993. Exhausted soil produces exhausted people. Acres, USA.
June p.30 &39.
Hornick, Sharon B. 1992. Factors affecting the nutritional quality of
crops. American Journal of
Alternative Agriculture. Vol.7, No.1-2. P.63-68.
Howard, Sir Albert. 1947. The Soil and Health. The Devin-Adair Co., New
York. 307 p.
Kenton, Leslie. 1988. Eat organic, and live well. The Secrets of
Ecological Agriculture. The Living
Earth. July-September. P.17-18.
Knorr, Dietrich. 1982. Natural and organic foods: definitions, quality and
problems. Cereal Foods
World. Vol. 27, No.4. p. 163-168.
Knorr, Dietrich. 1982. Use of a circular chromatographic method for the
distinction of collard plants
grown under different fertilizing conditions. Biological Agriculture and
Knorr, Dietrich, and Harmut Vogtmann. 1983. Quality of and quality
determination of ecologically
grown foods. P.352-381. In: Knorr, Dietrich (ed.) Sustainable Food Systems.
Publishing Co., Westport, CT.
Lairon, D. et al. 1986. Effects of organic and mineral fertilizations on
the contents of vegetables in
minerals, vitamin C, and nitrates. P. 249-260. In: The Importance of
in a World of Diminishing Resources. Proceeding of the 5th IFOAM
Conference at the University of Kassel (Germany).
Lampkin, Nicolas. 1990. Organic Farming. Farming Press, Ipswich, United
Lockeretz, William. (ed.) 1997. Conference Proceedings: Agricultural
Production and Nutrition.
Tufts University School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Medford, MA.
Maga, Joseph A. 1983. Organically grown foods. P.305-349. In: Knorr,
Dietrich (ed.) Sustainable
Food Systems. The AVI Publishing Co., Westport, CT.
McSheelhy, T.W. 1977. Nutritive value of wheat grown under organic and
chemical systems of
farming. Qualitas Planatarum - Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. Vol. 27.
Peavy, William S., and Warren Peary. 1993. Super Nutrition Gardening. Avery
Garden City, NY 236p.
Plochberger, K. 1989. Feeding experiments. A criterion for quality
estimation of biologically and
conventionally produced foods. Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment.
Vol. 27. P.419-
Schupman, W. 1975. Yield maximisation versus biological value. Qualitas
Planatarum - Plant Food
for Human Nutrition. Vol. 27. P.281-310.
Shier, N.W. et al. 1984. A comparison of crude protein, moisture, ash and
crop yield between
organic and conventionally grown wheat. Nutrition Reports International.
Velimirov, A. et al. 1992. The influence of biologically and conventionally
cultivated food on the
fertility of rats. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture. Vo..8.
NOTE: A familiar citing on the issue of the nutritional content of
organically versus conventionally produced food is the 1948 Rutgers
University report "Variation in Mineral Content in Vegetables" by Firman E.
Bear published in the Proceedings of the Soil Science Society of America.
However, this study did not investigate organic versus commercial produce.
The tables were mis-printed to read as organic versus non-organic and for
years it has circulated as fact. The study examined the mineral composition
of vegetables grown on different soil types. They found that vegetables
grown on heavy soils in the Ohio Valley had a greater mineral content than
produce grown on sandy Coastal Plain soils near the East Coast. These
results are important because they show that soil type—and probably soil
organic matter content—affect the mineral composition of foods grown on
them. However, there are many environmental and cultural factors that
influence the nutritional composition of produce and these may ultimately
play a greater role in food quality the simple organic versus conventional
Source: e-mail from firstname.lastname@example.org (Steve Diver, Fayetteville,
AR), May 1, 1996.
At 02:06 PM 5/25/99 -0400, John Fisk wrote:
>I have an opportunity to make an impact upon a set of decision makers that
>could result in greater opportunities and funding for sustainable
>agriculture and food systems. I would very much appreciate any bit of
>assitance you would offer.
>I am looking for research results that demonstate the effect of food
>production methods (animal hormones, pesticides, GMO's, feed lots, storage,
>food transport) on food quality and diet and health of consumers. I
>prefer jounal articles, symposia proceedings, government reports, or NGO
>research reports. References to very good news paper articles or magazine
>stories may also be helpful.
>An example might be studies done that confirm increased occurence of food
>allergies stemming from gmo's. Another may be levels of toxic pesticide
>residues on food and its effect on children and adults.
>I realize that not a lot of research has been done that makes the
>connection between food production methods and consumer health, however,
>this is the type of information I need.
>If you know of 1, 2 or 3 references please email me directly
>(email@example.com). I will gather up the responses and post them to
>SANET for the benefit of all. This is the type of info we need to
>influence policy and reseach agendas.
>I appreciate your time and effort.
>Michigan State University
>Crop and Soil Science Dept.
>East Lansing, MI 48824
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