Fwd: Jan 98 issue of Alive
Sun, 25 Jan 1998 17:08:03 -0800
>Date: Sun, 25 Jan 1998 23:55:15 -0500
>From: Richard Wolfson <firstname.lastname@example.org>
>Subject: Jan 98 issue of Alive
>Biotech News, by Richard Wolfson, PhD
>(Reprinted with permission for the January 1998 issue of Alive:
>Journal of Health and Nutrition, 7436 Fraser Park Drive, Burnaby BC
>* Europe Approves but Resists
>In response to pressure from the US government and multinationals,
>European Commission has approved genetically engineered crops such
>transgenic corn and soy from the United States for import into
>However, biotech imports to Europe have been effectively on hold
>several individual countries, including Luxembourg and Austria, have
>Since Canada has not segregated its genetically modified canola
>unmodified versions, Canadian canola has not been allowed into
>either. Canadians exports of canola to Europe, which were $180
>1996, are nothing for this year.
>* Bt Toxin Kills Beneficial Insects
>Researchers at the Swiss federal research station Zuerich-Reckenholz
>alarmed to find that Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin from
>plants "jumped over" a food chain to kill useful insects.
>containing the Bt toxin gene not only killed European cornborers
>pests), but also killed the larvae of green lacewings, beneficial
>that feed on the cornborers.
>Another insect pest, the African cottonworm, survived after being fed
>Bt corn. However, beneficial green lacewings that fed on the
>died. Bt corn and potatoes, which are already on the market in
>genetically engineered to contain the Bt toxin throughout the plant
>order to deter insect pests.
>* Ladybugs Threatened by Biotech Crops
>Recent studies at the Scottish Crop Research Institute (SCRI) found
>potatoes genetically modified to deter aphids also damaged=A0
>insects.=A0 The transgenic potatoes had snowdrop lectin (a plant
>the pest resistant gene in the potato, to suppress the aphids'
>growth and reproduction. (Ref: London Times, 22 October 1997)
>The aphids who ate the biotech potatoes were then fed to ladybugs,
>naturally feed on the aphids.=A0 Consequently, the number of
>ladybug eggs that failed to hatch was almost three times higher.=A0
>female ladybugs who fed on these aphids only lived half as=20
>As stated by the SCRI: "Our current experiments highlight the
>assessing all trangenic crops genetically engineered for pest
>this way to be sure that any new type of pest-resistant crop plant
>jeopardize the delicate balance between pests and beneficial insects
>* Misleading Beans
>Albert Heijn, the biggest Dutch retail grocery chain, was found
>misleading advertising in promoting biotech soybeans as having the
>quality as natural soybeans. Following complaints filed by the
>Natural Law Party, the Advertisement Code Commission in the
>decided that Albert Heijn was guilty of false advertising and asked
>company to stop making the misleading claims. Albert Heijn is part of
>multinational retail chain Ahold, which subsequently filed an appeal.
>Appeal Commission recently came to its decision and again found
>Heijn guilty of false advertising.
>* Farmyard Freaks
>By manipulating a gene related to muscularity, scientists recently
>a genetically engineered Belgian Blue bull with 20 per cent more beef
>normal and weighing three-quarters of a tonne. Such animals
>increased muscle/meat content typically do not have the bones to
>their own flesh. Hulking Belgian Blues can scarcely walk.
>Other genetically engineered animals include fast-growing pigs with
>joints, as their legs are tiny compared to the rest of the=20
>fast-growing chickens that suffer from heart disease and whose bones
>feeble they break on contact; and turkeys that are so fleshy that
>cannot physically mate, but require artificial insemination.
>* Biotech Cotton Failure
>In Mississippi, farmers could lose millions of dollars due to the
>of biotech herbicide-resistant cotton.=A0 Over an area of several
>hectares, cotton plants have shed their cotton bolls, or produced
>malformed bolls.=A0 Cotton plants from non-GE varieties were not
>Legal proceeding by the farmers against the manufacterer are in
>(Ref:=A0 New Scientist, 1 November 1997)
>* Co-Op Begins Biotech Labeling
>Shutoken, a large consumer's co-operative union in Japan, which
>co-operatives in the Tokyo area, is now labeling foods that are free
>genetically engineered ingredients. So far, this system covers 17
>items, including Japanese mainstays like miso, tofu and shoyu. Plans
>already underway to greatly expand the number of foods carrying the
>Richard Wolfson,=A0 PhD
>Consumer Right to Know Campaign,
>for Mandatory Labelling and Long-term
>Testing of all Genetically Engineered Foods,
>500 Wilbrod Street
>Ottawa, ON=A0 Canada=A0 K1N 6N2
>contains more information on genetic engineering.
>To receive regular news on genetic engineering and this
>campaign, please send an email message with 'subscribe GE'
>to email@example.com for details. To unsubscribe, send
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